Challenges Faced By Logistics Companies in India
The estimated value of global logistics industry is to be worth 300 Billion USD. In India, around 10 to 15% of product cost can be attributed to logistics, which is comparatively significant from other economies like USA or China. Logistics companies in India are fast evolving, but this progress does not come without challenges. Let us take a look at a few hindrances faced by businesses in this industry:
1. Transportation Issues
In India, a predominant mode of freight cargo transportation is via road, with nearly 60% cargo moved by road and 32% by rail. Due to oversaturated rail networks and high rail tariffs. Movement of goods is done by road transportation, which proves to be quite inefficient, because of poor road infrastructure, multiple checkpoints, and congestion.
2. Port Sector Issues
Due to high turnaround times for ships because of overcrowded berths and delay in cargo evacuation unloaded at berths, logistics companies in India suffer unreasonably. Coastal shipping in India gets hampered due to the weak land side and port facilities, and insufficient depth at ports discourage large vessels, thus curbing the large scale use of it for freight movements.
3. Tax Structure and Warehousing Problems
The complicated tax regime places several hardships on logistics companies in India. Multiple State and Centre taxes lead to considerable loss of time in transit on roads. The poor state of warehousing and their restricting locations are one of the few major concerns of this industry. Storage facilities are quite fragmented for low margin products thereby resulting in a disincentive to create a large integrated warehousing space. The Government owned most of the large warehouses and used for food grain.
4. Technological and Skill Deterrents
In India, automation of processes is still in the embryonic stage and non-standardization in the industry due to its fragmentation further slows down the progress. Acceptance and adoption of technological advancements like RFID, tracking, warehouse management system, etc. can resolve the issues between domain requirement and IT. Besides this, there is lack of quality workforce in this sector, and the available skill set needs to be upgraded urgently.